Internet Sites of Interest: Avian influenza

Keith Nockels
Academic Librarian (medicine and allied health), University of Leicester, UK

My local park in Sheffield, UK, has notices up about an outbreak of avian influenza. 

Here are some sources of information, including government and NHS sources for the UK (some of which have already appeared on a post on my blog Browsing), some sources from outside the UK (including EU sources) and some travel health sites.

In addition to the sites below, if you are in the UK, you can try your local authority website for information specific to your area. Outside the UK, there may be information on your national or regional government website.

Government and NHS sources


Animal and Plant Health Agency (APHA) reports relating to wild birds
Case reports by week, giving location and species affected

DEFRA and APHA – guidance
Information on how to spot it, and what to do if you do spot it.

DEFRA and APHA – preliminary outbreak assessment, for Europe, Russia and the UK
Weekly reports relating to the UK and Europe.

Health and Safety Executive – Working with highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
There is also a data sheet (PDF) available.

Includes information on symptoms in humans, but also on how to report cases in animals.

UK Health Security Agency
Symptoms, management, diagnosis and epidemiology. There are links to other material including guidance on managing human cases and cases in birds.


Health Protection Scotland – Avian influenza

Scottish Government – How to spot and report the disease

Scottish Government – Avian influenza outbreaks
Cases, and advice for bird keepers.


Llywodraeth Cymru –  Ffliw adar
Advice, reports and guidance.

Welsh Government – Avian influenza

Northern Ireland

Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs – Avian influenza
Advice and guidance, and cases.

Other sources

RSPB – Avian influenza updates

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (USA)

European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (an EU agency)

European Commission

European Food Safety Agency – Publications on avian influenza

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Venezia (IZSVe)
The Institute is the European Reference Laboratory (EURL) for avian influenza. 

OiE (World Organization for Animal Health)

World Health Organization (WHO)

Travel health and advice

Fit for Travel – Avian influenza

Travel Health Pro (NaTHNaC) – Avian influenza

Future columns

Ideas for topics to cover and offers of lists of resources are most welcome. I always say this, but please do help prevent the column being too white, male, English, and biased to higher education!   

Please get in touch if you would be interested in contributing to the column. You can also phone me (through the miracle of Microsoft Teams): +44 (0)116 229 7446.

View previous Internet Sites of Interest topics.

HLG Newsletter
Spring 2022

Links correct as of 30 March 2022

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